Remembering The Endless Summer

A look back at Bruce Brown's masterpiece

| posted on November 30, 2011

Bruce Brown: the man who turned a $50,000-budget surf film into a $35 million masterpiece. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown Films, LLC

“When we were growing up, the thinking was that if you surfed, you’d smarten up at some point. After Endless Summer, people of all types started to take it up…it helped make it into something legitimate. It gave it some respect.” That’s the sentiment from Oscar-nominated filmmaker Bruce Brown, who, through a clear vision, extraordinary talent, and some luck wound up making one of the most famous documentaries of all time, The Endless Summer, which would revolutionize surfing and help it transform into the cultural mainstay that it is today.

Brown’s love of surfing stretches back into the infancy of the sport. “In the 1950s, I started bodysurfing and then bought mats. Being a surfer was a dream,” he remembers. Shortly after high school, Brown enlisted in the Navy and wound up being stationed in Hawaii, where he would trek to Ala Moana Beach to surf. Brown knew, though, he had to do something else to make a living; surfing simply wasn’t an option. “In the early 1960s there was no money to be made from it. If you posed for an O’Neill wetsuit advertisement, you’d get a free wetsuit…maybe. Had there been an opportunity to make a living surfing, I probably would have never made movies.”

While still in the Navy with no formal training he shot his first movie, and from that secured funding for a second one, and then a third, soon making one each year. He then had an idea: “I thought, ‘If I take a couple years on a single project, I’d make a better movie.’” When Brown started tossing around the concept to invest $50,000 into a singular film, people thought he was out of his mind. However, Brown had little to lose, he was young and wild, carefree, or ambitious (take your pick), so he decided to roll the dice. The concept of the film was simple: follow two people on a trip around the world to both known and undiscovered surf spots during winter in the United States, therefore creating a never-ending summer (get it?). For his subjects, Brown recruited Robert August and Mike Hynson (both friends who had appeared in his past films). They were, according to Brown, “no-brainers. One guy was a goofy footer, the other was regular.”

Cape St. Francis, the legendary wave highlighted for the first time in Endless Summer. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown Films, LLC

Don’t forget, this was a time when the idea of anyone taking a leisurely jaunt to a remote part of the globe was extremely unusual (many of the locals in the film had never seen outsiders before, let alone a camera). To many, surfing in itself was completely bizarre, and the three were introducing the sport to a whole new crop of people: “Before we shot, we’d show some pictures of people surfing to the locals. They’d look at you, like, ‘What the hell is that?’”

What resulted (as Bruce so modestly puts it) was a “well done home movie.” Music was added, courtesy of The Sandals, a couple of kids from Belgium who had recently relocated to the States. Remembers Brown: “They asked to do the music, and I figured it would be a total loser. A couple weeks later, they played some stuff and it sounded great.” So great, in fact, that the familiar guitar riff of “The Endless Summer” [theme song] went on to be as beloved as the film itself, and become one of the most popular records of the surf-music era.

Once he completed the editing process, the next step was to start showing it publicly; Brown would play the music on a tape recorder and narrate it live. After two years of large crowds, his next goal was to give it a national theatrical release. The only problem was that there wasn’t any interest; movie studios assumed no one outside California would see it nor care. However, one successful screening led to another and distributors came calling soon after. It was officially released in June of 1966.

Robert August, Mike Hynson, and Bruce Brown, on location. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown Films, LLC

“I always dreamed big or else I wouldn’t have done it,” says Brown now. “It was really exciting that it got fabulous reviews for the most part, especially in highbrow publications like the New Yorker, who picked it one of the 10 best films of the year. Something about it just appealed to people.” Everyone in Hollywood thought Brown had a secret to making such a successful film so cheap (from a budget of $50,000 it grossed $35 million), and executives soon started knocking on his door. Brown even had a meeting with Robert Evans, the famed former head of Paramount Pictures who wanted to finance his next film, but Brown was wary. If he wasn’t good enough before The Endless Summer, what was so special now? Instead, Brown suggested he give money to some up-and-coming filmmakers, but Evans didn’t take to the proposition. After the meeting, Brown went to USC to give a talk to cinema students. Brown gauged their interest of his idea, and one of the kids in class happened to be future superstar George Lucas. According to Brown, “Evans missed out, he could have signed George Lucas.”

Brown instead went onto make the Oscar-nominated documentary about motorcycle racing called On Any Sunday with actor Steve McQueen. In the years that followed, he started doing work for ABC’s Wide World of Sports, and then spent most of his days raising his family, restoring cars, and building houses. He also passed his craft onto his son, Dana, who started out helping Bruce with editing, and later made a surf documentary of his own (2003’s Step Into Liquid).

For the general public, Endless Summer provided a first glimpse at surfing. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown Films, LLC

His surfer subjects, however, didn’t fare as well as time marched on and fame faded away. First was a brief dispute about pay; Hynson claims he was only offered $5,000 for his part plus some perks, a sum he turned down accepting since it was only a tiny slice of the film’s profits (August, on the other hand, was content with the $5,000 and didn’t press the matter). While August continued to surf and visit trade shows, Hynson dove into the world of drugs, and joined the Brotherhood of Eternal Love, a group of LSD aficionados in Laguna Beach. After a failed business venture, Hynson started spending more time in jail than on a surfboard (a People Magazine article written in 1994 about his troubles is ominously titled “The Endless Bummer”). Since then, Hynson managed to clean up and started up a company producing custom-made surfboards in San Diego to much acclaim. He recently released a book about his experiences called “Transcendental Memories of a Surf Rebel” (one anecdote details how Hynson brought some marijuana along with him on the Endless Summer trip).

In the early 1990s, after much prodding from movie studios, Brown finally decided to make a sequel; this time featuring all new spots. A young surfer named Robert “Wingnut” Weaver was recruited, along with Pat O’Connell. However, it made a fraction of the box office the first one did. “I had a contract where I had complete control,” says Brown, “but somehow they kept forgetting that. A lot of my ideas, they were like ‘You dumb fuck, you don’t know what you’re talking about. We know what we’re doing.’ They tried to release it like it was some Tom Cruise movie. It [the way they rolled it out] just didn’t work.”

Regardless, it propelled Wingnut’s surfing career (bringing him to a national audience), which was special considering how much the original film affected him. Says Wingnut: “I look back on it now, how unique it was what they did back in the day. Now, we take everything for granted; (with all the current technology) if somebody farts in Africa, we know about it. These guys with no plan and nothing to expect, traveled to all these remote places. It’s amazing what they put themselves into.”

The film's stars, Robert August and Mike Hynson. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown Films, LLC

On top of the numerous accolades, The Endless Summer has received since its release (including an induction to the National Film Registry for being culturally significant, and an induction into the Surfer’s Hall of Fame, among many others), the film as a brand has proved popular as well, with numerous DVD editions out, the soundtrack selling briskly, and the poster on everything from tank tops to license plates. Says Brown: “I have a guy that does the licensing because people were just ripping it off left and right. Right now we have about 80 different licensees, and I get to approve them all. There’s plenty of stuff we wouldn’t do; I get people wanting to do a TV series or something, like the people that made ‘Baywatch,’ but, boy that was a piece of shit. I don’t care if it makes a lot of money; I love surfing, and I don’t want to demean it.”

Brown, who currently resides in Gaviota, California, still gets fans coming up to him wanting to talk about the impact it made on their own lives. “All the time people say, ‘That movie changed my life. I saw it and decided that I should follow my dreams!’” Wingnut has little doubt why its impact is so lasting: “There are very few films that have been around that long that will still put a smile on your face. Everybody has their favorite part, that lasting little bit of happiness…that’s amazing.”

Bruce Brown and Mike Hynson. Photo: Courtesy Bruce Brown, LLC

  • Nancy Harrison Forbes

    Thank you for this article!
    The “Endless Summer” film changed my life just as it did for many others. Bruce Brown has an uncluttered vision and the uncanny ability to share what he sees with such clarity for his audience. On Any Sunday with Steve McQueen was equally wonderful. Thanks for a such an insightful look at an incredible film maker!

  • mark

    i wanna thank u guys 4 putting up this info on the Endless Summer. As a kid after watching the movie 7 times in 1 day it changed my life. All I wanted 2 do was lean how 2 surf and b good. As I grew, now a great shape 57 yr old surfer ever day…… Thanks 2 The Endless Summer……………………. Great way in stay healthy and happy 🙂

  • Freddy

    These movie changed my life for good!!! I have seen the movie more than 50 times, both of them.I am 28 years old and I saw it for the first time when I was 10 these movie is the reason why I have now a surf board in my bed room, and I live very far away from the sea. I simply love them it is THE best surf movie ever made. Thanks you Bruce.

  • Michael Gentile

    I saw this movie the year it came out. Bruce traveled with the film and narrated it live with a microphone on the stage. We were a bunch of early teen gremmies in the front row and Bruce was dodging the bottle caps we were flipping at him. I had just turned 16 the month before the movie came out and had been surfing for 4 years on a board. I body-surfed for 5 years before I ever stood up on a board so I had good knowledge of how waves broke and I picked it up quickly. I own this movie on DVD now and still watch it from time to time. I’m 61 now and still search for that perfect wave.

  • http://SurferMagazine John

    Thank you Bruce.This amazing movie changed my life and took me from dreary, cold London to an incredible surfing lifestyle in warmer places. Can not thank you enough. N.B. Max Wettland sends his regards from Durban.

  • Nolan Day

    Bruce you drove my parents nuts. Back in the 70’s I would borrow the reel to reel 16mm projector and drag it and the film cans home from the Burbank public library a few times a year.
    I have been able to surf in about 16 of the 57 countries your film motivated me to travel to.

  • http://Yahoo Bruce Kim Bender

    Saw your film at I think was the Santa Monica Civic,went with my older surf friends as I was not old enough to drive yet. Wow, changed my life; bought a 12′ log and tagged along with older guys. Moved to Newport 1 blk from the Wedge, took up body surfing. Stopped- was told to grow up and go make money.
    Saw your film on TV, went out and got a board and started again. Now 60, feel like a teen again, thanks for all the great times and the times to come. God Bless.

  • phil hart

    I still think that Surfing Hollow Days,was a better movie as it had better surfers,such as Phil Edwards

  • Rich

    I’ve seen ES 1 probably 200 or 300 times & ES II well over a thousand… W-nut put it best in saying ‘everybody has their little favorite part… that lasting bit of happiness.’ For me ES2 started a lifelong dream to live in Costa Rica, where I now live full time. Probably would not be here if it wasn’t for this film. I can’t thank all of you enough for the efforts in making these films… Sounds cheesy but it is truly appreciated & sometimes a feel good film about surfing actually makes a difference.

    Thanks for the article & recognizing Bruce’s efforts!

  • Pablo Weiner

    I never realized that ES had the same profound affect on others as it did on myself and my best mate Chuck. We were at the University of Hawaii for summer school in 1968 when we saw the film. On completing university back in California we headed dowunder where we still are to this day. Thanks Bruce for helping us to truly follow the beat of a different drum.

  • Ursus Magnus

    I went to see ES at the Four Star Wilshire theater in L.A. in 1966 when I was in Jr High School.
    I met Alan Napier, who played Alfred on the TV show Batman, in the foyer. He was wearing Levis, huaraches and a cutoff gray sweatshirt. He was cool and talked to me for a while.

  • jack


    Hi Rich if you come back to read this could you please email me at

    For years I have always wanted to move to Costa Rica and would love to get some info from you.

    Many thanks


  • fred

    I met Bruce on the beach in France while he was filming Endless Summer II. He tried to strike up a conversation with me but I was so tongue tied meeting a hero of mine that I had no idea what to say to him. I wish I’d had the presence of mind to thank Bruce for the effect the original ES had on my life. So I’ll do that now – thanks a million Mr Brown. Live long and prosper.